Commands in Windows Vista
Originally, Microsoft intended to incorporate a new command shell in Vista but then decided to make the new shell a stand-alone application. The new application is called Powershell and is described on another page. Thus, the old command interpreter cmd.exe has been continued although in a slightly newer version. (The Vista version is 6.0 whereas the XP version is 5.1.) Several commands are now in the standard list that were formerly available only in Support Tools or the Server 2003 Tools. For example, Robocopy from Server 2003 is now included. There are also some new commands and they are indicated with an asterisk in the list below. Note that some commands may require administrator privileges. Running a command prompt as administrator is described on this page. Some commands involving specialized system or network administration have been omitted. Commands in Windows 7 are very similar and are listed on a related page.